The essence, features and components of structuring parliaments: worldview and political theorization for different cases and types of representative democracies and democratization.

Nadija Panczak-Białobłocka

The study focuses on worldview and political theorization of the essence, features and components of structure and structuring of parliaments for different cases and types of representative democracies and democratization, including for presidential and parliamentary democracies, and among the latter ones for the Westminster and consensus models of democracy. It is argued that the relatively greater importance of structuring legislatures, even in the case of similarity or identity of all other conditions, is inherent in the case of parliamentary rather than presidential democracies, as well as consensual rather than Westminster models of democracy. The author finds that the political and institutional structuring of parliaments should be implemented on the basis of such indicators and markers as the number of chambers of parliaments, party-factional features of legislatures, determinants of the influence of parliamentary committees on the parameters of structuring parliaments, determining characteristics and positions of individual membership of deputies at the level of legislatures. These properties constitute the immanent internal component of parliaments and describe the stability and institutionalization of legislatures.