Parliamentary opposition and its influence and dividends from the formation and functioning of minority governments in European parliamentary democracies.

Nadija Panczak-Białobłocka

The article is dedicated to analyzing the issues of the influence and dividends of parliamentary opposition within the processes of minority governments’ formation and function- ing, in particular on the example of European parliamentary democracies. The aim of the study was to test the assumption that formation and functioning of minority governments in European parliamentary democracies is often outlined by the alternatives of parliamentary parties in the choice between the government and the opposition. In this regard, it was stated that minority governments are a function of both the expected influence and the expected dividends of opposition parties, whose support is used in formation of minority governments. At the same time, it was revealed that parliamentary opposition, especially in the perspective of minority governments, has a superior, but not always unilateral and decisive significance, as the outlined constructions of governments largely depend on institutional determinants. In general, it was found that the parameters of relationship be- tween governmental and oppositional parliamentary parties during the process of minority governments’ formation in European parliamentary democracies are quite important, but context-dependent and variable.