Efficiency of governments and its factors: theoretical and methodological context and some manifestations on the example of eastern European countries.

Zbigniew Białobłocki

The article is dedicated to analyzing various theoretical, methodological, practical and empirical manifestations, factors and correlations of the effectiveness of governments on the example of Eastern European countries. Despite the variability of the conclusions, it was stated that: party governments are less stable than non-party governments; party governments are more effective than non-party governments; systems of governance implemented within party governments are more effective than systems of governance implemented within non-party governments; democratization contributes to the growth of performance indicators of governments and systems of governance. At the same time, it was found that the parameters of government effectiveness depend both on governmental and non-governmental, political and inter-institutional factors, including the degree of political representation at the level of party and electoral systems. In general, it was stated that democratic governance is more effective in its inherent political parameters than authoritarian one, although democratization processes due to the development of political pluralism are not always the reasons for increasing indicators of government stability and efficiency. It was therefore argued that stability and efficiency of governments are not always directly, proportional or mutually conditioned.